What is Fibromyalgia?

What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a complex chronic condition with various symptoms that affect the entire body. These symptoms vary in degree and day-to-day. Common symptoms include chronic pain throughout the body, chronic fatigue, and abdominal pain. According to the Arthritis Foundation, “the term ‘fibromyalgia’ means pain in the muscles, ligaments, and tendons”.

The condition itself is not life threatening, and does not cause permanent muscle or joint damage.Even though there is no cure for fibromyalgia, the various symptoms can be managed. Some individuals, with the help of an effective pain management regiment, have been in remission for many years.

How does one get fibromyalgia?

Research has shown that a person can develop fibromyalgia by physical trauma, emotional trauma, infectious illness, or hormonal changes, or a combination of factors. Research is still in progress to see if fibromyalgia is hereditary or if a common genetic type exists. “Some studies have found a possible link between genetic markers called human leukocyte antigens, or HLAs, and fibromyalgia. This suggests that a gene that predisposes a person to develop fibromyalgia may exist” (“What is Fibromyalgia? | Arthritis Foundation,” n.d.).

Who is affected by fibromyalgia?

Anyone can develop fibromyalgia – men, women, and children. In the United States, there are 3.7 million reported cases of fibromyalgia. The majority of the cases are women between the ages of 40 and 75. Individuals with rheumatic diseases – such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis – are more likely to develop fibromyalgia.

Sources:

  • What is Fibromyalgia? | Arthritis Foundation. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/fibromyalgia/what-is-fibromyalgia.php

 

Disclaimer: Please consult with your physician or healthcare provider for health care and treatment. The information in this website is not a substitute for professional healthcare or medical advice.

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